Which countries have nuclear weapons? infographics

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In 2022, nine countries are considered holders of nuclear weapons. USA, Russia, UK, France and China are on the list of “old” nuclear powers that have signed the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. “Young” nuclear powers India, Pakistan and Israel did not sign the document, the DPRK ratified the treaty, but then withdrew its signature.

Prior to 1989, South Africa also had nuclear weapons, but this country voluntarily destroyed all its warheads after the liquidation of the apartheid regime. After the collapse of the USSR, Ukraine, Belarus and Kazakhstan also abandoned their nuclear arsenals. Iran has been accused of trying to get its own weapons under the guise of an independent nuclear power plant.

The US was the first to conduct a nuclear test in 1945, detonating the Trinity bomb in New Mexico. In addition, the Americans were the first and only to carry out two combat use of nuclear weapons: on August 6 and 9, the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki suffered from the bombing.

In 1949, the USSR conducted tests at the Semipalatinsk test site, breaking the US monopoly on the atomic bomb. The Soviet Union conducted all tests only on its territory. The only heir to the Soviet arsenal was the Russian Federation.

In 1952, the bomb was tested by Great Britain. This country is unique in that it did not carry out explosions on its territory: all the tests took place in Australia and the Pacific Ocean. In 1960, France tested a charge by detonating a bomb in the former colony — in Algeria.

Then the Asian powers began to test their nuclear developments. China tested in 1964. In early 2011, the country's authorities announced that they would maintain their nuclear arsenal only at the minimum sufficient level.

In 1974, ten years after China, India conducted tests. However, this country recognized its nuclear status only in 1998. In the same year, outraged by the actions of its neighbor, Pakistan tested several nuclear bombs.

In the DPRK, the development of nuclear weapons began in the 1970s, but then, due to a favorable political situation, work was suspended. They returned to it in 2004, and in 2006 North Korea conducted its first test.

Israel has never confirmed that it possesses nuclear weapons. However, according to experts, the country has nuclear warheads that Israeli specialists have been developing since the late 1960s — early 1970s.

The exact number of warheads that each country has today is unknown. These statistics remain a closely guarded national secret. According to the Federation of American Scientists, the total nuclear arsenal of the nine countries of the world, as of the beginning of 2022, is 12.7 thousand warheads. About 90% of this number belongs to Russia and the United States.

See in the aif.ru infographic how much ammunition each of the nine nuclear powers has in 2022 and what is the composition of their nuclear arsenal.

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